STDs and STIs Diseases, Symptoms and Their Prevention Measures

STDs and STIs Diseases, Symptoms and Their Prevention Measures

STD or STIs is a disease that is transmitted through mucous membranes and genital secretions of men and women, the pharynx, and rectum.

Unsafe sexual practices among young people are considered to be one of the main reasons behind STDs. It will not cause serious problems if the disease is caught early and get the right treatment.

If it were not, the infection will spread and cause complications such as infertility. The disease is easy to be caught, by the knowledge of the disease about the signs of the disease and how to get care is important.

Luckily, there are treatment options.

Common symptoms

Bad-smelling or unusual discharges from the genital area, burning and itching, unusual bleeding, pain felt around the pelvic area amongst women, pain felt during sex, warts or open sores around or on the genitals, and having recurring urinary tract infections or pain during urination, are some of the most obvious symptoms of infection from an STD.

Keep in mind that these are just common symptoms. Talk to a doctor or a healthcare professional if you notice these symptoms happening to you so that they can properly diagnose your case.

Other symptoms can include enlargement or swelling of the groin area, jaundice or yellowing of white area of eyes and the skin, unusual anal discharge, white tongue or oral thrush, bumps, and sores around the oral area and rashes in certain parts of the body.

Commonly encountered diseases STDs and prevention measures

Gonorrhea

gonorrhea bacteria magnified

Symptoms usually appear 3-5 days after infection occurs. For men, the yellow-green discharge will occur and the pain will be felt during urination. Discharge also is found in women. Sometimes both men and women did not show any signs.

Treatment of gonorrhea-Antibiotics, Both partners need to take care and sex must be stopped until the treatment has ended.

Risk of gonorrhea- If the infection is not detected and treated, the infection will spread and cause infertility in both men and women. There are several types of gonorrhea resistant to antibiotics, so it is important for someone to be treated by a medical practitioner who is authorized to appropriate treatment.

Chlamydia

chlamydia bacteria magnified

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria and usually no symptoms. Infection may not be noticed until it starts to cause problems. Landmarks such as discharge and pain during urination may occur. The disease can occur with gonorrhea.

Treatment of Chlamydia- Antibiotics, it is important that both spouses take care and stop sex until treatment is completed.

Risk of Chlamydia- If the disease is left untreated, the infection will spread and cause inflammation and uterus and infertility may occur. These infections are often occurring.

Syphilis

syphilis magnified

The first sign of infection is small wounds (ulcers) that do not cause pain in the infected area. Usually, these are on the genitals or mouth.

It will be visible after 9 to 90 days after infection occurs. This will disappear after a few days and may do not detected. The infection goes out of the body for a certain period until a red rash develops on the whole body. This also may not be detected/recognized.

Treatment of Syphilis- Antibiotics, Both partners must be treated and sex must be stopped until treatment is completed. If the ulcer is not detected, a blood test should be performed to detect the disease.

Risk of Syphilis- If syphilis is left, it will cause problems in the future.

Among the complications are frequently found heart disease, especially in the later stages.

Dementia also occurs due to infection of the brain. Women can infect her unborn child and cause birth defects. Treatment can be started at any time and success more secure and faster if treatment can be started earlier.

Chancroid

chancroid magnified

This infection causes small lesions that cause pain in the wound and the area around the genitals. Cuts will grow and will not heal by it.

Treatment of Chancroid- Antibiotics, both partners need to be treated and must stop all sexual contact until treatment is completed.

Herpes

herpes symptoms on skin

Herpes is caused by a virus that attacks the nerve endings. The early signs after infection are often accompanied by pain. Burn (blister) will occur in a small-infected area – oral and sex – about 2-20 days after infection occur. This may be accompanied by high fever, general pain in the body and swollen lymph glands. This burn will break after 2-4 days and will heal itself. The next attack will occur 3-4 times a year and intensity of these attacks will decrease as the infection becomes long.

Treatment of Herpes-Antiviral, both partners need to be treated and stopped sex until treatment is completed.

Risk of Herpes-A pregnant woman can infect her unborn child. This infection can infect the brain and cause birth defects.

Trichomoniasis

Women often complain that there were a foul discharge, itching and feeling pain during sex. Men were no signs at all. Signs will occur 2-3 days after infection occurs.

Treatment of Trichomoniasis-Both partners need to be treated and sex must be stopped until treatment is completed.

Candidiasis

This infection occurs in the vagina and is caused by a fungus. It causes a white discharge and itching in the vagina. The disease is not necessarily caused by wiper relationship because it can occur by itself.

Treatment of Candidiasis- The drug was added to the vaginal antifungal.

Condyloma

A type of virus that causes the warts seen on the genitals or around the genitals. Wart is a lump of opalescent skin and is especially difficult to detect in women’s cavity birth. Signs are often seen 3-9 months after infection occurs. Lengthy incubation period makes it difficult for fixing the origin of this infection and allows impaction occurs.

Treatment of Condyloma- It can be treated with a solution called podophyllin. Wart is applied to the medicine and left for 4 hours. After 4 hours, this medication can cause irritation. Sexual intercourse cannot be done until the entire Wart was destroyed. Both partners should be examined.

Risk of Condyloma- Women who have been infected by a virus condyloma should undergo regular cervical screening. This is because the virus can cause cervical cancer.

Infection by this virus very often happens.

Therefore, If you have a hunch that you have a certain type of sexually transmitted disease, you should go for screening tests to verify your doubts. Diagnostic tests are recommended when symptomatic

If you are pregnant or soon to be pregnant, you can go for an STD test to know whether or not your baby is safe. The main problem with tests is that many STDs can go asymptomatic for a long period of time. So you may not know that you are carrying a virus, which puts your partner at increased risk of infection