The Ultimate Guide to Contraceptives

The Ultimate Guide to Contraceptives condoms for penis Every pregnancy should be by choice and not by chance.

That underlines the need of contraception.

There are a whole host of contraceptive options available to you.

We’re going to discuss the main methods of contraceptives that are available for you.

Barrier Contraception

female condom

The main form of this is the male condom, but there are also other forms including the female condom, the female diaphragm and the cervical cap.

They stop sperm from entering the womb, therefore reducing the chances of you getting pregnant.

If sperm doesn’t enter the womb, it also reduces the chance of you catching a sexually transmitted infection which is a good advantage of barrier contraception.

If used correctly, the failure rate for condoms is about two in a hundred.

That means that after a year of having sex, two in a hundred couples might fall pregnant if they’re using male condoms correctly.

The unfortunate thing is that in the heat of the moment during sex, sometimes you can put them on incorrectly and that failure rate may well rise.

Oral Contraception

These are tablets that women take to reduce the chance of getting pregnant.

There’s two types;

The combined pill.

birth control pill set

They both work in slightly different ways.

The combined pill works by suppressing ovulation.

That means that it stops you producing an egg and therefore mean that you can’t get pregnant.

It’s very effective if you take it properly.

Only one in 300 couples will have will fall pregnant after a year of having sex.

The advantages of the combined pill are that you can improve your periods in terms of making them regular.

If you’ve got painful periods, it may actually make them less painful and some women like it because you can control your periods.

You can take pill packets back-to-back if you don’t want to have a period at a certain time.

There are some disadvantages to the combined oral contraceptive pill.

Remember to take it every day and if you don’t, it won’t be effective.

Additionally, it’s not going to protect you from sexually transmitted infections.

It’s also really important to remember that some women can’t have it if you’re having certain types of migraines, high blood pressure or clot.

The Progesterone Only Pill

The Progesterone only peel is a little bit different to the combined pill.

It does inhibit ovulation in some cases, but it works by thinning the lining of the womb and making it difficult for a fertilized embryo to implant.

The advantage of the of the progesterone only pill is that it’s very effective.

About 1 in 200 couples will fall pregnant after using that effectively for a year and also you can use it in lots of cases.

So if the combined pill doesn’t suit you, you still may be able to use the progesterone only pill.

The disadvantages of the progesterone only pill is similar to the combined pill in that you need to remember to take a tablet everyday and also it won’t protect you from infections,

Longer-acting Contraception

The third main category of contraception is longer-acting contraception.

There’s a big push for women to have this type of contraception, because it’s really effective.

The advantage of longer term contraception is that it lasts a long period of time, until you need it done again.

This depends on the actual type of long-term contraception that you choose.

There are four main types of long-acting contraception.

They are:

Injection

This is something a woman will have every 8 to 12 weeks.

The advantage of it is that it’s really effective in stopping you from becoming pregnant.

The disadvantages of the contraceptive injection are that it does unfortunately, put on weight.

Also when you first go in the injection, you sometimes have irregular periods for a while, but that may well go on to having no periods at all which some women actually like.

The contraceptive injection may cause you to have thinning of the bones; if you have it for a prolonged period of time.

Implant

copper coil contraceptive

This is a little rod that’s inserted with a tiny operation under the skin.

It can be done in a GP surgery and you can feel it just near your armpit, underneath the skin.

That rod releases a hormone into the into the body.

The good thing is that there isn’t a high dose of hormone with this and so it doesn’t upset your body’s balance so much.

An advantage of the implant is it won’t put you on weight.

Disadvantages of the implant are that it can make your periods a little bit irregular to start with.

But if that is the case, it’s worth seeing your GP. The implant normally lasts 3 years.

The Copper Coil (IUCD)

intrauterine system in uterus

This is a little device that’s inserted into the neck of the womb and is often done in a GP surgery.

The copper is actually quite toxic to sperm and so if it kills sperm, you hopefully won’t fall pregnant.

Additionally, the copper coil works by stopping the sperm and the egg from actually meeting.

The advantages of this are that it’s quite effective and it lasts five years or so.

This means that you don’t have to think about anything for quite a long period of time.

The disadvantage of the copper coil is that it’s fairly invasive to put it in, but it is something, hopefully, you only need to do one in every five years.

Intrauterine System (IUS)

The final option for longer-acting contraception is called the IUS.

That’s similar to the copper coil in that it’s a little device that’s inserted into the neck of the womb, but it doesn’t contain any copper.

It contains a hormone which is released and that stops the sperm from meeting an egg.

The advantage of this is it’s very effective and it only releases a very small amount of hormone, so you should be able to be getting less side effects from this.

The disadvantages of the IUS is that it can cause some irregular bleeding.

But if you do get that, it’s definitely worth seeing your GP.

Sterilization

These are more permanent forms of contraception.

For men, you’ve got the vasectomy that can normally be done in a general practice setting and it’s a little operation done under local anesthetic.

For women, it’s female sterilization where the fallopian tubes are clipped under a general anaesthetic.

The disadvantage for sterilization for both men and women is that it’s really difficult to reverse.

So if you’re going to go down this route you need to be pretty sure that you’re making the right choice because you need to be under a general anesthetic.

Many doctors would suggest that you try an IUS first, which is a much safer and just as effective option.

Conclusion

If you need an emergency contraception, go to your nearest chemist.

But if you’re looking for a longer-term solution, it’s best to make an appointment with your GP and they can work through the options with you.

HPV and the Ultimate Guide to HPV

HPV and the Ultimate Guide to HPV  hpv symptoms on skin

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common name of a group of various contagious viruses. The various types of HPV lead to the growth of different types of HPV warts. Warts can appear on the hands, face, back, soles, the genital area, and other places.

For example, genital warts grow as a result of an infection with HPV-6 and HPV-11 in about 90 percent of the cases. Sexual contact is the easiest way of HPV transmission. Over 30 HPV types are known, which are sexually transmitted. For this reason, HPV is among the most common sexually transmitted infections around the globe.

Genital warts are also called genital condylomas. Sexually active people are at the highest risk of being infected with this type of HPV. This is so, because according to statistical data, HPV is among the most common viruses, and many people are carriers of the infection without even suspecting they are infected. HPV transmission is easy during sexual contact with an infected partner, but symptoms of the infection may not appear for a very long time. Sometimes, people have had the HPV infection for years without suspecting it and then, stress or weakened immunity becomes the key factor for symptoms to appear and HPV warts to develop.

How HPV Is Transmitted

The HPV types causing the growth of genital warts are easily transmitted, even through skin contact. You can get infected even if you never had sexual contact with an infected person. This can happen if you touch an infected spot on the genital area with your fingers and then touch your own genitals. By the same token, the infection can be transmitted if both partners share sex toys, vibrators, dildos, etc, without washing them well.

a genital wart

The human papillomavirus can get into your oral cavity if you perform oral sex. This way, you are at risk of developing mouth cancer. The types of HPV that cause genital warts are also associated with cervical cancer in women and penile and anal cancer in men.

To protect yourself from the virus, use a condom or dental dam, but keep in mind that you are not hundred percent safe. The skin that is exposed, i.e. not protected by the condom, can still be infected.

Other types of HPV cause the growth of warts on face, soles, fingers, and other parts of the body. Such warts are typically plantar warts.

You can get infected with this type of warts easily, especially in more humid places, where many people gather. Examples of places where HPV transmission takes place easily are pools and saunas. Avoid using other peoples’ possessions, such as slippers, towels, linen, razors, and other personal items.

The Medical Treatments to HPV

HPV remedy constitutes all those ways which can make the HPV disappear. Some of the ways are purely natural and others are surgical or medical. Medical treatment of HPV warts includes surgical treatments and the use of ointments. Creams are applied on the HPV warts to stop them from growing further. Once, it stops growing, the existing lump falls off by itself gradually. There are such creams which work by empowering the immune system of the human body so that it can fight off the HPV.

Surgical Treatments for HPV

Surgical treatments for HPV are expensive as compared to other methods of HPV remedy. Freezing off the HPV by using liquid nitrogen, cutting off the HPV completely from the skin by a surgical operation is the methods included in treating HPV by surgery. A large number of over the counter remedies are also available for the treatment of HPV. If you are sure that an over the counter treatment is safe and suitable for your skin then you can try it. However, there are high chances of over the counter drugs not suiting your skin type and causing inflammation etc. Therefore, be careful while buying over the counter medication for HPV.

Home Treatments of HPV

Home remedies are also quite successful in getting rid of human papillomavirus. Many people who have experienced human papillomavirus have never undergone surgical treatments because they trusted natural HPV remedy and it worked for them successfully. There are numerous home remedies for getting freedom from them. People should understand that natural methods to cure HPV are not as fast as the medical methods. Therefore, those people who can afford to be patient should follow natural methods to cure human papillomavirus. The following are the Ultimate Guide to HPV for those People who want to get rid of their HPV warts in a fast manner.

colored condoms

The removal of warts doesn’t need to involve scraping off skin or softening skin tissue with salicylic acid. You can simply take advantage of things found in nature. In this post, we’ll let you in on some of these treatment options to enable you to use them.These remedies don’t work on the main cause of warts, which is HPV or the Human Papillomavirus. In order to eradicate warts forever, you must do two things simultaneously. One is to enhance your immune system by putting the nutrition back to your body. Two is by taking out the wart’s growth.

Apple cider vinegar

apple cider vinegar

Get some warm water and soak warts in it for about fifteen to 25 minutes. Towel dry. Soaking moistens warts and makes them soft enough to be easily removed by the apple cider. After drying, apply the apple cider with a cotton ball on warts then let it stay around fifteen minutes. Wash off the area with clean water then dry it.

Aspirin

aspirin tablets

Take one aspirin and dissolve it in water. Do this before applying the aspirin to the wart-infected spot. After applying the aspirin solution, protect the affected area with a band-aid. For best results, apply this aspirin solution 2 times a day consistently, for a minimum of 30 days or until you see results.

Baking soda

Get one teaspoon of baking soda and blend it with water. Apply to the wart. Do this four or five times daily. In the alternative, you may also soak a gauze pad in castor oil and baking soda. To prevent dirt and dust from going in and limiting the effectivity of the remedy, put a band-aid on and leave there for the night.

Crushed banana peels

If you have plantar warts or warts on the feet, grind a raw banana peel and then rub the pulp on the feet. Again, to prevent foreign things from ruining the effectiveness of this remedy, cover the spot with a clean cloth or band-aid. Remove only when you’re taking a shower. Apply this remedy for a minimum of 2 months and assess how well you’re progressing.

Chewed cashew nuts

If you have lingering warts which are already years-old, apply chewed cashew nuts on them. Do this for two days and see what happens.

Dandelion stem

Dandelion stems usually take three weeks to a month to give good results. Rub a stem to your warts 2 to 3 times a day every day until the HPV warts completely fade away.

Garlic

Mash some cloves of garlic and rub on a warts-infected area thrice every day until they’re totally gone. Garlic usually takes a month to three months to take effect. Mash the garlic cloves completely before applying to make it more efficient.

With the exception of aspirin, the things mentioned are all-natural cures for eradicating warts. Choose a treatment method and use it continuously for the next several months and see what happens.

Treating a wart normally will take some time and need consistency and patience. Treatment may depend on a number of factors including the size of warts and how large the outbreak. In some cases, this could take a few weeks.

The Definitive Guide To HIV

The Definitive Guide To HIV hiv virus magnified

HIV is a deadly and infectious virus that has claimed millions of lives ever since it was discovered in 1983.

But how much do you really know about HIV?

What’s the difference between HIV and AIDS?

Great people often say that knowledge is power.

More information certainly helps in creating awareness.

Awareness that everyone can use to combat against HIV and AIDS.

Take a look at our definitive guide to HIV, including the basics, symptoms, prevention, treatment, and more.

What Is HIV, Really?

HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiciency Virus.

cd4 t-cells magnified

HIV is a virus that will weaken your immune system, leaving you open to other viruses, germs, pathogens and other invaders.

What you should also know is that HIV causes AIDS, or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

AIDS is a condition that causes you to get sick from things that people wouldn’t normally get.

Therefore, people who have AIDS have a higher risk of getting rare health conditions and illnesses as compared to those who don’t.

HIV is not gender specific, and both sexes can get or spread the virus.

An HIV-positive individual can feel fine and yet be able to pass the infection to others.

What’s important to know is that being positive for HIV doesn’t mean you automatically have AIDS.

Modern medicine has helped HIV-positive patients stay healthy and live for a longer time.

But the sad part is that both AIDS and HIV cannot be cured.

As of today, there are 36.7 million people from all over the world who has HIV/AIDS but only 70 percent know they are infected or battling this deadly condition.

How Can You Get HIV?

The virus usually lives in human blood, sexual fluids in men and women and breast milk.

HIV cannot live in sweat, urine, tears and saliva, and as such you won’t get HIV when you come in contact with the aforementioned fluids.

Believe it or not, HIV is not easy to get.

The virus dies out pretty quickly when exposed to open air.

It also won’t survive when the body fluid dries up.

HIV cannot be spread via insects or animals.

It’s not a virus that can be found on public surfaces such as tables, the floor and on toilet seats or door handles.

HIV can get passed down from one individual to another in pre-seminal fluid, blood, semen, rectal fluid, vaginal fluid and breast milk.

Any activity where an exchange of these fluids between two persons puts them on a risk of contracting HIV.

The leading reason for widespread HIV infection is unprotected sex.

Having anal or vaginal sex without a condom is one of the most common ways people get the virus.

In fact, the more sex partners an individual may have, the higher the risk of that person getting HIV positive.

Sharing needles is also one way of getting HIV.

Reusing syringes or needles of a person who has the virus will put you at a big risk of getting it.

Curiously, a needle that’s used for tattoos or piercing may also infect you if it was used on an HIV-positive individual and not sterilized after.

Blood transfusion, or the passing of one blood to another can also present a condition where there’s a chance to acquire HIV.

A mother who has HIV can pass the infection down to her baby through breastfeeding, during and before giving birth.

What Are The Symptoms Of HIV?

hiv symptoms in mouth

To understand the symptoms of HIV, you’ll need to know that there are 3 stages of HIV infection.

Let’s start with the first stage.

Most people won’t know that they have HIV.

But after a while, symptoms will start showing up.

Your body puts up a fight somewhere between 2 to 6 weeks after you’ve been infected with the virus.

The reason why most people don’t know they have HIV is simple.

The illnesses are similar to symptoms you experience when you’re hit with the flu.

Some of the symptoms include fatigue, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, fever, aching muscles, nausea, diarrhea and constant headaches.

The symptoms of HIV progress to the second stage, which is called chronic HIV infection.

This is when your immune system has lost the fight.

This is also the stage where the virus starts killing off your CD4 T-cells.

Normal blood cell count is somewhere around 450 to 1,400.

When it drops down to 450 cells per microliter, then your immune system will be compromised.

The final stage of HIV is called AIDS.

You enter the AIDS phase if your CD4 T-cells drop down to below 200.

Doctors can diagnose you with AIDS if you contract unusual illnesses such as pneumocystis pneumonia or Kaposi’s sarcoma.

The symptoms become more pronounced.

You start feeling tired all the time, experience night sweats and alarming weight loss, purplish skin spots that don’t disappear, constant raggedness in breathing, vaginal, throat or mouth yeast infections, mysterious bleeding or bruising, lasting fever and swollen lymph nodes in the groin and neck.

You can learn more about HIV and AIDs symptoms here.

Common HIV Treatment and Alternative Medicine

checking for hiv

HIV is currently incurable, but modern medicine has made leaps and bounds when it comes to treatment.

One of these treatments is called ART, or Anti-Retroviral Therapy.

ART is a combination of various drugs, i.e., a cocktail that fights the infection in many different ways.

Studies have found that drug cocktails work best in controlling HIV and in preventing the virus from becoming resistant to the treatment.

A normal cocktail includes several ARTs from 2 or more different anti-viral groups for the best effect.

ART drugs can cause many side effects, and as a result people turn to alternative medicine.

Alternative medicine pertaining to treating HIV can be divided into several groups- Homeopathic, Naturopathic and Ayurveda.

Homeopathic medicine, or individualized treatment includes making the body stronger by means of herbs and vitamins and minerals.

anti retroviral

Naturopathic medicine simply means activating your inner healing forces from within.

Ayurvedic medicine involves the spirit, the mind and the body to treat HIV.

Treating HIV depends upon several factors, including personal preference, the stage of the infection and complications such as existing illnesses, allergies to specific drugs, etc.

Ultimately, it’s up to the patient to determine which type of treatment is best.

A combination of cocktail ARTs and alternative healing can bring about the greatest change.

Changing one’s mindset and living a healthy lifestyle will greatly contribute to extending the lifespan and the quality of life as well.

Guide to Proper Penis Health

Guide to Proper Penis Health

Every man on this planet is interested in maintaining a proper penis health.

Men that keep expressing a greater interest in maintaining the penis health tend to be those like satisfying women more and it takes pride in their male performance.

Basically, it’s a positive sign. Getting useful tips on maintaining proper penis health naturally can help you learn a great deal, thus making you extremely happier as well as the ladies that you meet.

Every man wants to have frequent erections as well as increased desire with the ability to fully last longer in bed. With proper penis health, you will achieve all that at the same time improving your penis size.

Here are the tips and guidelines for maintaining proper good penis health.

1. Boost Testosterone

skinny fat man working out

The first thing you should prioritize in order to have proper penis health is increasing testosterone levels. Testosterone is the key male sex hormone.

These hormones start decreasing in men after they approximately reach 30 years old.

For some men, lowering of testosterone levels results to lack of desire and weaker erections.

Boosting testosterone levels should appear at the top of your list to improve your penis health as well as the erection quality.

For me, what really worked excellently for me in erections improvement with testosterone were frequency penile exercise and the supplements techniques.

2. Delaying Ejaculation

sperm from ejaculate

If you are aiming to maintain proper penis health, and then make sure your ejaculation habits are optimal.

Optimal ejaculation is not only important in controlling ejaculation and lasting longer in bed but it’s also useful in maintaining good circulation of blood in your penis as well as improving natural free testosterone levels.

It’s good to make it a priority not to ejaculate too often and too fast.

Obviously, you need to ejaculate sometimes but try keeping your power in you should not always give in to desire every time you feel to masturbating.

3. Heat Healthy Sex Drive Food

salmon on ice

There are some certain foods that are generally beneficial to male sex drive.

Eating such kind of foods will boost your libido just the same as some vitamins do.

However, what really gives your libido boost, is staying in good shape through keeping off from bad foods and concentrate on the food that will help in keeping your blood circulate well which is important for strong erections.

Eating good food will low your fat levels and toxins in your body will be cleaned.

4. Penile Massage

penis x-ray

When penile massage is done properly is very beneficial.

A successful penile massage leads to increase in blood circulation, the rise of free natural testosterone, increased desire and better erections.

Achieving the above is really possible by a just a simple penile massage technique that is very easy to master.

Penile Massage is related to Medical Penis Extender Devices.

Believe it or not, there actually exists medical penis extender devices that target devices.

In fact, that’s what inspired penile massage in the first place.

Penis extender devices hold the penis in a stretched position.

Length growth is a result of being held in the stretch position for long periods of time.

5. Reduce Alcohol and Smoking

Probably, you know how smoking is dangerous to male libido. Basically, smoking reduces the blood vessels ability to move the blood to all part of your penile area.

no smoking sign

In order to have hard erections, you will need sufficient blood to reach the chambers of your penis.

Thus there is the need to have greater and efficient blood circulation.

Heavy and regular drinking does not improve erection. While some alcohol-consumption is good, excessive consumption is really bad and can definitely lower the testosterone levels.

To maintain proper penis health, avoid excessive drinking and opt cutting down or completely quitting smoking.

Keeping off from alcohol and smoking, you’ll probably achieve proper health penis.

6. Maintain Healthy Weight

Basically, obesity steals your manhood and leads to reduction of testosterone levels in the body.

The abdominal fat usually converts the male hormone testosterone to that of female hormone estrogen. At the same time, you’re likely to have fatty plaque-deposits which eventually clog your blood vessels which include the artery to the penis.

This makes it a hard task to obtain and keep a good erection.

7. Take a Walk Every Day

When you do some exercise, your blood flow increases.

The blood rushes via the endothelia-cells then stimulates and they make nitric oxide which is a key chemical that plays vital role in erection production.

The healthier you are, the more you produce nitric oxide thus leading to a harder erection.

At the same time, exercise has been shown to be almost as effective as taking medicine in mild depression symptoms reduction.

8. Go to Bed Earlier

Men testosterone levels mostly peaks morning hours.

So having irregular sleeping patterns or sleeping less than seven hours, can drastically affect your sleep and sexual health quality.

Also, poor sleep is associated with various health problems that lead to sexual problems which include sleep arena, diabetes, and blood pressure naming a few of them.

9. Stay Sexually Active

Make use of your penis. Using your penis regularly can keep it in a good-shape you desire.

This is backed by various scientific studies that have clearly demonstrated those men who are more active sexually, usually have fewer problems associated with erectile dysfunction as their age advances.

10. Minimize Stress

Having stress leads to the release of hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline.

As you know it well, adrenaline narrows blood vessels which impact erecting negatively.

If in case you have ever experienced some performance guilty, it’s simply because of the adrenaline that is released as a response to the nervousness.

Excessive cortisol secretion which increases your appetite leads to the accumulation of the bad-belly.

Conclusion

Maintaining a proper health penis is a desire for every man.

Thus, the tips discussed in this article are a perfect sure bet to your health penis.

Putting this guideline in practice will help you have a proper and good sex life.

They will help you have a harder erection, last longer in bed, have a good shape penis thus gaining confidence in your sexual endeavors.

Proper health penis will probably make your relationship keep off from wrangles which may result as a result of failure to meet the expectations of your partner.

So, boosting testosterone, quitting smoking, doing exercise as well as delaying ejaculation and eating sex drive food just to name few, will tremendously improve your penis health.

Follow these tips and you will thank me later.

Ultimate Guide to Prostate Health

Ultimate Guide to Prostate Health

two prostates

Legendary actor Dennis Hopper and dictator Mobutu Sese Seko are but a few of the many men who have succumbed to prostate related illnesses showing that whether you are rich or poor you should be concerned with ensuring prostate health.

Prostate cancer and prostatitis are the two most common forms illnesses associated with this part of the male anatomy that is so critical to reproduction.

The main purpose of the prostate is to secrete an alkaline compound which serves to prolong the lifespan of sperm which may come into contact with acidic compounds.

Prostate cancer develops when abnormal cells emerge and begin to multiply and spread around the region until they eventually move to surrounding organs.

Prostate cancer may develop slowly but the main symptoms include urinating too often, blood in the urine, discomfort while urinating and pain in the lower back.

The two biggest risk factors associated with developing prostrate cancer are age and genetics because research has shown that if someone in the immediate family tree has developed the condition then there is high likelihood of developing the disease as well.

How To Reduce The Probability of Developing Prostrate Related Illnesses:

Research has shown that the probability of developing prostate cancer is significantly higher in western countries than other places around the world and this has been linked to the fact that people in developed countries consume bad fats found in fast foods instead of the good fat found in meals like nuts, cheese and avocados.

Eating plant protein can offer far health benefits compared to animal proteins because according to the world health organization meals that contain red meat and dairy products have been shown to be associated with increased chances of developing cancer.

plants that have protein

A simple yet surprisingly effective way to prevent prostate cancer is to drink green tea because it contains antioxidants and catechins which reduce the chances of developing cancer by up to a staggering 70%.

Omega 3 is a fat found in certain fish and consuming it is known to have almost miraculous effects on the human body one of which is that it helps with fighting inflammation and therefore making the body more resistant to infections and diseases.

Health supplement can be extremely good for the human body but it is wiser to get a medical check up first and advice from a doctor because certain supplements contain calcium which is known to increase the possibility of developing prostate cancer.

This goes without saying but obesity has been shown to drastically increase the chances of developing many other forms of cancer as well as increasing the chances of death once the illness has already developed.

Exercise everyday is not simply good for reducing weight but also for lowering blood pressure, ensuring proper blood flow and slowing down the progression of prostate illnesses once they have developed.

A fact that is likely to make many men happy is that research done at Harvard conclusively showed that having sex frequently helps reduce the possibility of developing prostate cancer by over 20%.

Eating whole foods and natural foods is generally a good idea because chemicals like preservatives, coloring, flavors and sweeteners found in processed foods are directly linked to increased chances of developing prostate cancer.

Hormonal imbalance is a problem stereo-typically associated with women but this is a problem that affects men as well which then leads to prostate related illnesses, but this can best be prevented by ensuring a balanced diet consumed at stable time intervals.

Certain foods have been shown to not only help in preventing but also slowing down cancer cells, these foods include salmon, tomatoes, walnuts, coffee and carrots.

salmon ready for eating

Even though there may be no direct causation there is some correlation between particular good health choices and the development of prostrate cancer, these habits include smoking drinking alcohol and not hydrating enough.

It is wise to search both the work and home environment for carcinogenics such as benzene, vinyl chloride, cadmium and radon because they have been linked to increased chances of developing cancer as well as toxin poisoning.

If one or more family members have developed prostrate cancer then it would be wise to speak to a doctor so that he or she may provide preventative medicine and even though there is no definitive way proven to prevent prostrate cancer at the very least the odds cold be significantly reduced.

Benign Prostate Aphasia (BHP)

prostate antomy diagram

This is a condition that usually develops in men over thirty and it involves the enlargement of the prostrate gland in non-cancerous way until it blocks the passage of urine from the bladder to the urethra and is usually treated by alpha blockers to get the muscles in the region to relax.

While research has shown that it is still somewhat difficult to catch prostate cancer through check ups it is still important to go for a medical check up because this is an illness that is robbing the world of great men every year, a check up for BHP is also a good idea because it can be easily spotted and the earlier it is the better.

Prostatitis is a very common illness affecting millions of men around the world, it is caused by inflammation of the prostrate gland due to a viral or bacterial infection and presents in the form of blood in the urine, pelvic pain, fever and urethral discharge.

Unlike prostate cancer which mainly affects older men, prostatitis actually affects younger men as well and it usually develops when a bacterial infection moves from the urinary tract to infect the prostate gland, a doctor will often perform a urine test in order to ascertain the illness.

Prostatic Intraepethlial Neoplasia (hgpin)

neoplasia

This is not entirely an illness on its own but rather a precursor to the development of prostate cancer, it is identified by a pathologist who inserts a needle via the rectum to obtain tissue samples that then studied under a microscope to search for abnormal cell development.

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS)

This is a word used by doctors to denote a wide array of illnesses that affect the bladders, urethra and prostrate regions, LUTS can be divided into two main groupings of either obtrusive(preventing proper urine passage) or irritative(urine passes causing pain), the illness can be caused by a stroke or Parkinson`s disease.

What Is The Field Of Urology?

What Is The Field Of Urology?

male urinary tract diagramUrology is a medical field that mainly focuses on diseases involving the urinary tract and the male reproductive organ.

A urologist is what you’d call a professional who has studied in the field of urology.

They are primarily healthcare physicians who specialize in treating, diagnosing and detecting various health problems involving this particular area of the human physiology.

Urologists focus on diseases involving the following organs- the ureters, the bladder, the kidneys, the adrenal glands and the urethra.

For male patients, urologists take a look at the following organs- the seminal vesicles, the penis, the vas deferens, the epididymis, the testes and the prostrate.

As a whole, the field or urology studies the many concerns regarding conditions such as prostate enlargement and urinary tract infections.

It also takes a look at how these conditions may be managed in cases of stress incontinence, the presence of kidney stones, prostate cancer and bladder cancer.

In cases where cancer is involved, urologists usually partner up with other medical field experts like radiotherapists or oncologists.

If the kidneys are involved, urologists talk to a nephrologist because of their innate expertise in the field.

In dealing with problems of the female reproductive system, urologists can call up on the help of a gynecologist.

Other experts that could be called in to collaborate include pediatricians and endocrinologists regarding issues with one’s endocrine system and hormonal imbalances.

If you intend to study urology, then you’d better prepare to study the ins and outs for a long time.

Urologists will have to complete a 5-year post-graduate training program, gain experience in general surgery for 12 months and clinical urology for 36 months.

The remaining months can be used to study more general surgery, clinical urology or disciplines that are related to the urinary tract and male reproductive system.

Once you acquire a urology degree you can branch off into more specific specialties.

Pediatric Urology

x-ray of male organ

Some of the things urologists will be touching upon in pediatric urology include vesicoureteral reflux, underdeveloped genitalia, cryptorchidism and other genitourinary issues that children may face while growing up.

Neurourology

Specializing in the field of neurourology include managing conditions involving control over the genitourinary system.

Some of the most common health issues include abnormal urination.

Sometimes, neurological circumstances can lead to the development of neurourological conditions, i.e., spinal cord injuries, strokes, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.

Urologic Oncology

nephrologist holding kidney

This field greatly focuses in on malignancies in the human organs, i.e., testicular cancer, ureters, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, the adrenal glands, kidney cancer and cancer of the penis.

Endourology

Urologists can enter the field of endourology and deal with closed manipulation involving the urinary tract.

It has now grown to be minimally invasive, thanks to technological advancements over the recent years.

Endourology procedures include ureteral surgery, stone removal surgery and prostate surgery.

Andrology

Andrology mainly deals with the male reproductive issues such as infertility, ejaculatory disorders, erectile dysfunction and procedures such as reversal of vasectomy and the like.

Now that you know what urology is and what a urologist does, it’s time to find out when you should see a urologist.

When Should You Visit A Urologist?

A urologist can help you when you’re experiencing the following health conditions:

UTIs

Urinary tract infections happen when bacteria travels from the digestive tract up to the urethral area.

Individuals who are afflicted with UTIs have the following symptoms- incontinence, fever, vomiting, nausea, constant pain and abnormal urination.

UTIs are more likely to happen to women as compared to men.

Incontinence

Incontinence is a condition that makes you lose control of your bladder.

There are many reasons why this could happen.

It could be due to age, to pre-existing health conditions or loss of muscle control.

This happens to women after childbirth- their pelvic muscles get weak as they progress into the late stages of pregnancy.

Enlarged Prostate

oncology

Did you know that BPH, or benign prostatic hyperplasia affects 1 of 3 men as they reach the age of 50?

You may start experiencing difficulty peeing on command because there’s an excess of prostate gland cells causing your urethra to constrict.

Seeing a urologist can help alleviate the symptoms and treat the condition.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solidified acid salts and minerals that block the ureter area.

Individuals who suffer from kidney stones have great difficulty passing urine.

What’s more, they experience pain while peeing and often suffer from vomiting and nausea.

Erectile Dysfunction

Men who are suffering from erectile dysfunction often have more serious underlying health problems.

The penis is unable to become fully rigid in the prospect of having sex with a partner.

Male Infertility

Infertility in men can be caused by several reasons.

Sperm quality can affect motility, or some areas of the male reproductive system may be damaged.

lots of sperm swimming

A urologist can help come up with an exact diagnosis and the proper treatment for a speedy recovery.

The usual procedure when visiting a urologist will be a physical examination and probing questions regarding your medical history.

The urologist may also order follow-up tests in order to pinpoint the problem.

Ultrasound, MRI scans and CT scans can provide laser-like targeting.

They can also make use of a cystoscope, which is a long and thin probe equipped with a small camera.

This probe can be send down to your urinary tract in order to get a visual.

Sometimes, cystoscopes are used to take tiny tissue samples for testing purposes.

A simple urine test can be done to see if there’s bacteria lurking in your urinary tract.

A biopsy can be ordered to check for malignant cell growth or cancerous tumors.

A urologist may recommend the proper treatment following a thorough diagnosis.

Hormonal treatment is usually done in cases of prostate cancer.

UTIs, or infections are treated with antibiotics.

PDE5 inhibitors can be used to treat erectile dysfunction.

Chemotherapy is usually the prescribed treatment for cancer.

Moreover, surgery can be done to remove a kidney stone, relieve stress incontinence, remove a tumor in the prostate or bladder area or a part of a kidney.

Urologists can perform circumcisions and vasectomies as well for medical, religious or cultural reasons.

Cutting Edge Research on HIV Treatment And Cures

Cutting Edge Research on HIV Treatment And Cures doctor consulting woman patient

When HIV started, it was known as a killer disease due to the rate at which people died from HIV related problems.

This is because it makes the body immune system to weaken thus making it difficult for the body to fight diseases.

Therefore diseases such as TB attack and easily overpower the body. Moreover, most people who lived with the virus faced challenges such as low self esteem, stigma, neglection and depression.

But with the scientists working hard, the ART was introduced which has since then increased the life expectancy of those living with the HIV virus.

Moreover, awareness campaigns have been created worldwide, including the world AIDS day to ensure those infected are not neglected and also to educate people an ways in which the virus is transmitted.

This has helped to reduce stigma in HIV infected people and they are still loved in the community.

hiv in the blood

But with the awareness campaigns, prevention methods such as use of condoms for protected sex and the ART, that alone does not completely eliminate the virus.

Much is needed to be done and scientists and researchers have been working on finding a cure to the virus.

There is hope on finding the vaccine after the famous berlin patient was cured after a transplant.

Timothy Ray Brown was suffering from leukemia and also had the HIV virus.

But when he went to surgery, all he wanted was a bone marrow transplant to heal him from leukemia as he continued to take the ART’s.

But to everyone’s surprise, Timothy was also cured from HIV and Aids. The bone marrow was from HIV immune person and therefore it completely cured him.

Years down the line without him using any HIV drugs and he remained free from the HIV virus.

Are there any HIV vaccines?

With Timothy’s story, researchers and scientists are working on a way in which they could introduce a vaccine that is at least more than 60% percent in preventing one from getting HIV and AIDS virus.

This could make the body’s cells recognize the virus and effectively fight them and completely kill them. In effect to this, there are two major types of HIV vaccines in development and awaits testing.

This are preventive vaccines and therapeutic vaccines.

Preventive vaccines

a hiv vaccine ready to be administered

This are meant for people who are HIV negative.

They enable the body to recognize and fight the virus infecting the body therefore protecting the person from getting the virus.

The vaccines do not contain any HIV live viruses so you cannot get HIV from the vaccine.

They are not yet available and are still being developed for testing.

Therapeutic vaccines

On the other hand, therapeutic vaccines are for people who are already infected with the virus. It improves their immune system and prevents the virus from multiplying and progressively suppresses the virus.

As researchers say, it will also reduce the risk of the infected from spreading the virus to other people.

The aim of therapeutic vaccines is to prevent progression of the virus without the victim having to take ART’s. it may have to be used with other therapies in order to be fully effective.

There are no therapeutic vaccines yet confirmed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) but research is ongoing.

FDA headquarters

Why is a HIV vaccine important?

  • First of all, it will do away with the risk of HIV negative people from getting infected with the virus, which is a major step in eliminating HIV and AIDS as there will be no spreading. This is because when infected people are treated
    with therapeutic vaccines, it will reduce the risk of infecting others as the virus will be suppressed.
  • Vaccine is the better option to ART’s and other current drugs being used on HIV patients. This is because this drugs mostly have various side effects. This discourages most infected people from undergoing the medication thus they abandon the treatments due to some severe side effects. There are also patients who are drug resistant due to various factors and therefore their bodies don’t respond to some of this treatments. With vaccines, all this will be eliminated and they will be more effective and easy to use.
  • Vaccine is a drug that will be introduced to the body once or in just a short time as compared to drugs which patients have to take for the rest of their lives. Doctors are not assured that patients don’t get tired and abandon the drugs, which is a risk. Therefore vaccines will eliminate that.
  • Though other preventive measures such using condoms during sex for protection are effective, most people still don’t consider them. Therefore, vaccines are more of a sure preventive way to prevent HIV and AIDS.

What kind of research is being done on HIV cure and treatment vaccines and drugs?

lady looking in microscope

Availability and cost

People are of different income levels and also not all people live in he cities.

There is no point in making an expensive vaccine that is only available to the rich.

Therefore, researchers are also making sure that the drugs and vaccines can be accessed by everyone so as to be effective. Otherwise they will be of no use in fighting HIV and AIDS.

Safety, effectiveness and response of patients to the vaccines.

Researchers have to ensure that the vaccines are safe on the patients to avoid severe outcomes.

They also have to research one whether the preventive vaccine will completely prevent people from getting the HIV virus.

This includes a risky test on positive people therefore they have to do a well detailed research on that.

This will relate on how users respond to the vaccines and the drugs under
research. For now the world wait for testing and approval by the FDA for safe use.

Safety of vaccines.

Scientists have to make sure that the vaccines are safe to the body and they do not introduce the HIV virus to a HIV negative person.

They have to ensure that the vaccines do not make the body to overproduce white blood cells which fight diseases, as it could be quite dangerous.

STDs and STIs Diseases, Symptoms and Their Prevention Measures

STDs and STIs Diseases, Symptoms and Their Prevention Measures

STD or STIs is a disease that is transmitted through mucous membranes and genital secretions of men and women, the pharynx, and rectum.

Unsafe sexual practices among young people are considered to be one of the main reasons behind STDs. It will not cause serious problems if the disease is caught early and get the right treatment.

If it were not, the infection will spread and cause complications such as infertility. The disease is easy to be caught, by the knowledge of the disease about the signs of the disease and how to get care is important.

Luckily, there are treatment options.

Common symptoms

Bad-smelling or unusual discharges from the genital area, burning and itching, unusual bleeding, pain felt around the pelvic area amongst women, pain felt during sex, warts or open sores around or on the genitals, and having recurring urinary tract infections or pain during urination, are some of the most obvious symptoms of infection from an STD.

Keep in mind that these are just common symptoms. Talk to a doctor or a healthcare professional if you notice these symptoms happening to you so that they can properly diagnose your case.

Other symptoms can include enlargement or swelling of the groin area, jaundice or yellowing of white area of eyes and the skin, unusual anal discharge, white tongue or oral thrush, bumps, and sores around the oral area and rashes in certain parts of the body.

Commonly encountered diseases STDs and prevention measures

Gonorrhea

gonorrhea bacteria magnified

Symptoms usually appear 3-5 days after infection occurs. For men, the yellow-green discharge will occur and the pain will be felt during urination. Discharge also is found in women. Sometimes both men and women did not show any signs.

Treatment of gonorrhea-Antibiotics, Both partners need to take care and sex must be stopped until the treatment has ended.

Risk of gonorrhea- If the infection is not detected and treated, the infection will spread and cause infertility in both men and women. There are several types of gonorrhea resistant to antibiotics, so it is important for someone to be treated by a medical practitioner who is authorized to appropriate treatment.

Chlamydia

chlamydia bacteria magnified

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria and usually no symptoms. Infection may not be noticed until it starts to cause problems. Landmarks such as discharge and pain during urination may occur. The disease can occur with gonorrhea.

Treatment of Chlamydia- Antibiotics, it is important that both spouses take care and stop sex until treatment is completed.

Risk of Chlamydia- If the disease is left untreated, the infection will spread and cause inflammation and uterus and infertility may occur. These infections are often occurring.

Syphilis

syphilis magnified

The first sign of infection is small wounds (ulcers) that do not cause pain in the infected area. Usually, these are on the genitals or mouth.

It will be visible after 9 to 90 days after infection occurs. This will disappear after a few days and may do not detected. The infection goes out of the body for a certain period until a red rash develops on the whole body. This also may not be detected/recognized.

Treatment of Syphilis- Antibiotics, Both partners must be treated and sex must be stopped until treatment is completed. If the ulcer is not detected, a blood test should be performed to detect the disease.

Risk of Syphilis- If syphilis is left, it will cause problems in the future.

Among the complications are frequently found heart disease, especially in the later stages.

Dementia also occurs due to infection of the brain. Women can infect her unborn child and cause birth defects. Treatment can be started at any time and success more secure and faster if treatment can be started earlier.

Chancroid

chancroid magnified

This infection causes small lesions that cause pain in the wound and the area around the genitals. Cuts will grow and will not heal by it.

Treatment of Chancroid- Antibiotics, both partners need to be treated and must stop all sexual contact until treatment is completed.

Herpes

herpes symptoms on skin

Herpes is caused by a virus that attacks the nerve endings. The early signs after infection are often accompanied by pain. Burn (blister) will occur in a small-infected area – oral and sex – about 2-20 days after infection occur. This may be accompanied by high fever, general pain in the body and swollen lymph glands. This burn will break after 2-4 days and will heal itself. The next attack will occur 3-4 times a year and intensity of these attacks will decrease as the infection becomes long.

Treatment of Herpes-Antiviral, both partners need to be treated and stopped sex until treatment is completed.

Risk of Herpes-A pregnant woman can infect her unborn child. This infection can infect the brain and cause birth defects.

Trichomoniasis

Women often complain that there were a foul discharge, itching and feeling pain during sex. Men were no signs at all. Signs will occur 2-3 days after infection occurs.

Treatment of Trichomoniasis-Both partners need to be treated and sex must be stopped until treatment is completed.

Candidiasis

This infection occurs in the vagina and is caused by a fungus. It causes a white discharge and itching in the vagina. The disease is not necessarily caused by wiper relationship because it can occur by itself.

Treatment of Candidiasis- The drug was added to the vaginal antifungal.

Condyloma

A type of virus that causes the warts seen on the genitals or around the genitals. Wart is a lump of opalescent skin and is especially difficult to detect in women’s cavity birth. Signs are often seen 3-9 months after infection occurs. Lengthy incubation period makes it difficult for fixing the origin of this infection and allows impaction occurs.

Treatment of Condyloma- It can be treated with a solution called podophyllin. Wart is applied to the medicine and left for 4 hours. After 4 hours, this medication can cause irritation. Sexual intercourse cannot be done until the entire Wart was destroyed. Both partners should be examined.

Risk of Condyloma- Women who have been infected by a virus condyloma should undergo regular cervical screening. This is because the virus can cause cervical cancer.

Infection by this virus very often happens.

Therefore, If you have a hunch that you have a certain type of sexually transmitted disease, you should go for screening tests to verify your doubts. Diagnostic tests are recommended when symptomatic

If you are pregnant or soon to be pregnant, you can go for an STD test to know whether or not your baby is safe. The main problem with tests is that many STDs can go asymptomatic for a long period of time. So you may not know that you are carrying a virus, which puts your partner at increased risk of infection

Top 5 Health Issues that Old People Need to Worry About

Top 5 Health Issues that Old People Need to Worry About

By the STI HIV RIO Team

Over the past few years, advances in health care have improved the lifespan of many people all over the world and helped them live longer now than ever before.

It is becoming much easier to deal with these health problems and the elderly are well-prepared to manage them on a daily basis.

Therefore, it is necessary that we should have some knowledge about the most widespread medical conditions in older people so that we can handle them well if diagnosed.

Here are top 5 most common health issues facing senior people today:

1. Diabetes

diabetes prick

Older people are more prone to developing diabetes due to major changes that happen when their bodies get aged.

In fact, diabetes is a lifelong disease, which is caused when your pancreas does not produce enough amount of insulin.

Diabetes might be identified and prevented early with a simple blood test for measuring the levels of sugar in your blood.

The sooner you are aware that you are at risk of this health issue, the sooner you could start making some modifications to control it and improve the long-term health outlook in senior years.

There are many changes in your diet and lifestyle that can help avoid this health issue, including:

  1. Adopt a healthy and balanced diet by reducing the intake of fat and carbs in daily meals, as well as increasing the amount of fiber in vegetables and fruits.
  2. Become more physically active by doing exercises, walking, or jogging on a regular basis.

2. Arthritis

an x-ray of arthritis patient

Arthritis is basically the breakdown of tissues in the joints, leading to inflammation, pain, restricted movement and weakness within the affected areas.

It is a very common medical condition, happening in people of all ages, especially older citizens.
There are 2 main kinds of arthritis: rheumatoid and osteoarthritis arthritis.

The latter type is most common in senior people because it is often triggered by wear and tear that is resulted from the use of our joints during the lifetime.

It is quite easy to notice the development of this health condition with some signs such as inflammation around and in the joints, restricted movements in the joints, and stiffness, tenderness, pain in the joints.

Unfortunately, there is still no cure for this health issue, but there are some available treatments such as corticosteroids and painkillers, which might help slow down the problem.

Though arthritis might discourage you from doing some activities, it is advisable to work with your healthcare provider to create a personal activity schedule that, along with other treatments, can help keep your senior health.

3. Chronic bronchitis

x-ray of bronchitis

As a respiratory condition, chronic bronchitis is mainly caused by an infection that inflames and irritates the bronchi in your lungs, leading to the overproduction of mucus.

Under the effect of this health issue, your body will try to shift the excess mucus by coughing.

Therefore, chronic bronchitis will make you cough more frequently for an extended period of time.

The condition can be trigger by either a bacteria or virus, which is similar to the cause of flu and colds, making it quite challenging to differentiate during the diagnosis.

Basically, you can look out for some common signs of chronic bronchitis such as fatigue, headaches, sore throat, a blocked or runny nose, pains and aches in your chest.

If diagnosed with this health issue, the most important thing that you need to do is to quit smoking.
Cigarettes can only make the problem worse and it might take longer to treat.

In addition, you should also ensure that you are having a healthy and balanced diet to help avoid the infections in lungs.

During the effects of chronic bronchitis, make sure to drink a lot of fluids to prevent dehydration, take plenty of rest, and take ibuprofen or paracetamol to treat a headache.

4. Cancer

cancer tumors

Cancer is a condition where the body cells abnormally replicate and cause a deadly tumor in some parts of the body.

These abnormal cells can multiply and cause the tumor to grow quickly and spread to other areas through the bloodstream.

It is estimated that cancer is the second leading cause of death amongst people over the age of 65, and a third of the world population would suffer from this medical condition at some points in their lives.

There are more than 200 strains of cancer, such as lung cancer, prostate cancer, and breast cancer, which can be diagnosed early through screening like colonoscopies, mammograms, and skin checks.

Although it is not always able to prevent this health issue, you can improve the quality of life as an older people coping with cancer by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and working with your doctor.

Some symptoms that you can look for in cancer condition include an unexpected lump, a sudden weight loss, unexplained blood in the urine, stool when vomiting or coughing.

The survival rate of cancer is much lower for senior people, thus it is important to identify these symptoms early and begin the treatments as soon as possible.

5. Asthma

woman using asthma inhaler

Asthma happens when the airways in your body are sensitive to some common allergens in the environment and get inflamed.

This inflammation might result in a frightening and painful attack, which makes the airway muscles narrow and tighten so you can find it difficult to breathe normally.

Older people are more prone to asthma and this medical condition can worsen when they have the flu or cold.

There are 3 common signs of asthma that you can notice: coughing, a tight feeling in the chest, and regularly being out of breath.

Since asthma might be disruptive to the life of a person and become a life-threatening issue, make sure to treat it properly by working closely with your doctor.

Final thoughts

When we get older, we always expect that our lives would become easier.

We hope retirement as the period when we can finally have much time and relax with family.

However, there are always concerns, and health issues are one of them.

Senior people have to overcome many challenges which are common to all ages as well as some problems that are naturally specific to their age group.

Therefore, be prepared and understand these health issues can be the best way to prevent and live a healthy life.